Faraglioni of the island of Capri
In the water off the south-east coast of the Capri island appear three rock stacks. They are probably the most famous and suggestive in the world and surely the most characteristic features of Capri’s landscape.
What makes them so famous is undoubtedly a historic panorama from the Gardens of Augustus, visited every day by several tourists willing to capture their own photo-souvenir from the trip to Capri.
Three stacks have following features:
faraglione di Terra (called Saetta): the only one united with the mainland and the highest (110 m.);
faraglione di Mezzo (called Stella): is the one with a natural tunnel inside, 60 meters high;
faraglione di Fuori (called Scopolo): 104 meters high, being inhabited by endemic Blue-tinted lizard.
In fact there is also the fourth stack, so-called “scoglio del Monacone” (“the Monk’s stack”), located beyond the first three. It was a habitat of Mediterranean monk seal, extinct in 1904.
The rock formations have become a theme to mythologic vicissitudes. According to Virgil, who mentions them in “Aeneid”, Faraglioni were inhabited by mermaids bewitching sailors with their singing. After all, their name derives from Greek word “pharos” that means “lighthouse”. In fact, in ancient era it was used to set up fire on mountains or rocks of the coast in order to guide the sailors through a dangerous shore track. It is of high probability that also Faraglioni of Capri shared the same destiny.